A city located in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is one of the country’s three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) and de facto national capital; the others are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Bloemfontein, the judicial capital. The city’s original name was Pretoria Philadelphia (“Pretoria of brotherly love”). It gave its name to the Pax Praetoriana, referring to the country’s relative stability. Pretoria in South Africa is popularly known as The Jacaranda City due to the thousands of Jacaranda trees planted in its streets, parks and gardens.